Raw materials are the main factor affecting the performance of coatings. This paper studies the influence of raw materials such as film-forming resin, heavy calcium powder, quartz sand, PE wax, glass bead, and tackifier on the performance of coatings, and determines the type, dosage, and proportion of raw materials. For the studied marking coatings, C5 hydrogenation resin is selected as the film-forming material, with a content of 13%~15%. The content of glass bead is 22%. The ratio of quartz sand to heavy calcium powder is 7:5, and the content of quartz sand should not exceed 33.3%. The content of PE wax is between 1%~1.5%. White oil is selected as an additive, with a content of about 1%. Tackifier has a significant impact on the adhesive performance of coatings, and ZN2 tackifier is the best. Adding 0.05% light stabilizer can reduce surface cracks of coatings after aging. Adding 0.1% antioxidant can reduce the color difference of the aged coatings, and with the increase of antioxidant content, the bonding strength of coatings increases and the difference in bonding strength before and after aging decreases.