With the continuous advancement of the global economy, the development of road and bridge engineering in China has been improved. The requirements for materials in road and bridge construction are very high. Only when the quality of materials is qualified, the quality of the project can be guaranteed. As for the current construction materials in China, there are still many problems in detection and control. It is necessary to strengthen the testing force to meet the engineering needs. This paper mainly analyzes the detection and quality control of highway and bridge materials to promote the better development of road and bridge engineering in China.